Japanese Adjectives - A Whole Different Ballgame Folks!
Hang on to your hat because they conjugate differently than their English counterparts. And to make things tougher there are two different types.
The second type will be looked at in later lessons. But first let's focus on just the "i" ending type.
In order to create
the final "i" and
simply add "kunai"
to the end of the
Using Them in a Sentence
By far, proper conjugation and pronunciation is more difficult than learning the sentence order as this is quite straight forward.
Simply start with your subject (if necessary), then follow with the adjective and add "desu" if politeness or indirectness is necessary. Adding "desu" doesn't change the meaning of the sentence.
So it looks like this...
|Sore wa yasui desu||It is cheap.|
|Sore wa yasukunai desu||It's not cheap.|
Using Sentence Final Particle "ne" With Japanese Adjectives
"Ne", is probably one of the most useful particles imaginable because of the importance Japanese put on avoiding confrontation. "Ne" occurs at the end of the sentence. It can be used with practically all parts of speech.
"Ne" courts agreement between you and your audience. It also sort of implies that there is shared information or something in common about what you're talking about. Its equivalent in English is "isn't it" or "aren't you." So something like "It's hot out today isn't it? Or in Japanese it would be "kyo wa atsui desu ne. But either way you split it, there is an attempt to court agreement between the two parties.
Another simple example to drive the point home could be: "It was fun wasn't it? Or in Japanese, "tanoshikata ne."
So it looks like this...
|Omoshiroi ne||It's interesting (isn't it).|
|Yasukunai ne||It's not cheap (is it).|
Vocabulary Booster - Other Common "i" Ending Types
|sugoi||great or terrible|
|mezurashii||rare or uncommon|
|hayai||fast or early|
|karui||light (in weight)|
|omoi||heavy (in weight)|
If you're finished studying these,
Try Translating the Following Japanese Sentences
1. It’s cheap.
2. It’s rare
3. It’s not boring
4. She’s clever.
5. It’s not bad.
6. He’s not interesting.
7. It’s late.
8. It’s not expensive.
9. It’s terrible.
10. What is the purpose of the particle "ne" and where in the sentence do you use it?
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