Japanese Adjectives - How to Make a Negative Conjugation
With "i" Ending Types


Japanese Adjectives - A Whole Different Ballgame Folks!

Hang on to your hat because  they conjugate differently than their English counterparts. And to make things tougher there are two different types.

The second type will be looked at in later lessons. But first let's focus on just the "i" ending type.

  Japanese

    English

     Conjugation

        Negative

osoi late

In order to create

the negative

conjugation, remove

the final "i" and

simply add "kunai"

to the end of the

adjective!!

osokunai
omoshiroi interesting omoshirokunai
takai expensive takakunai
furui old furukunai
warui bad warukunai
yasui cheap yasukunai
tsumaranai boring tsumaranakunai
wakai young wakakunai
atsui hot atsukunai


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Using Them in a Sentence

By far, proper conjugation and pronunciation is more difficult than learning the sentence order as this is quite straight forward.

Simply start with your subject (if necessary), then follow with the adjective and add "desu" if politeness or indirectness is necessary. Adding "desu" doesn't change the meaning of the sentence.

So it looks like this...

Compare...

Sore wa yasui desu It is cheap.


To...

Sore wa yasukunai desu It's not cheap.


Using Sentence Final Particle "ne" With Japanese Adjectives

"Ne", is probably one of the most useful particles imaginable because of the importance Japanese put on avoiding confrontation. "Ne" occurs at the end of the sentence. It can be used with practically all parts of speech.

"Ne" courts agreement between you and your audience. It also sort of implies that there is shared information or something in common about what you're talking about. Its equivalent in English is "isn't it" or "aren't you." So something like "It's hot out today isn't it? Or in Japanese it would be "kyo wa atsui desu ne.  But either way you split it, there is an attempt to court agreement between the two parties. 

Another simple example to drive the point home could be: "It was fun wasn't it? Or in Japanese, "tanoshikata ne."

So it looks like this...


Omoshiroi ne It's interesting (isn't it).

and

Yasukunai ne It's not cheap (is it).



Vocabulary Booster - Other Common "i" Ending Types

atarashii new
isogashii busy
kawaii cute
wakai young
sugoi great or terrible
mezurashii rare or uncommon
hayai fast or early
karui light (in weight)
omoi heavy (in weight)
kashikoi clever
amai sweet
suppai sour
karai spicy


If you're finished studying these,


Try Translating the Following Japanese Sentences

1. It’s cheap.
2. It’s rare
3. It’s not boring
4. She’s clever.
5. It’s not bad.
6. He’s not interesting.
7. It’s late.
8. It’s not expensive.
9. It’s terrible.
10. What is the purpose of the particle "ne" and where in the sentence do you use it?

Lesson 4 Test Answers

Learn Japanese lesson Index

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